For the holiday season, I’ll be publishing a popular Opera Daily throwback and a reader favorite today. See you next week for something special. Merry Christmas and Happy Holidays!
It may have a sad ending, but La Bohème’s first two acts set on Christmas Eve felt like the perfect choice for this week.
Today we’re listening to selections from Act I of the Italian opera La Bohème by Giacomo Puccini. La Bohème was first performed in 1896 in Turin, Italy.
Rodolfo is a poet, sharing a small room in Paris with his friends Marcello, a painter; Schaunard, a musician; and Colline, a philosopher. They live in a cardboard box, with little to their names, but they pursue their art and are happy!
On Christmas Eve, a girl named Mimì knocks on their door looking for a light for her candle (hers has blown out), as the group keeps warm by feeding their stove with pages from Rodolfo’s (row-DOLL-foe) latest poem.
Mimì and Rodolfo fall in love (not so fast this is opera, remember?), but soon it becomes clear that Mimì is sick. La Bohème is one of those great love stories that make us believe, no matter how predictable the outcome.
In Act I, Rodolfo introduces himself to Mimì in the aria “Che gelida manina”(“What a frozen little hand”). She responds with an aria of her own, “Mi chiamano Mimì (“Yes, they call me Mimi”), and then they sing of their newly found love in the duet “O soave fanciulla” (“Oh lovely girl”).
We are listening to Luciano Pavarotti sing the role of Rodolfo (tenor) and Mirella Freni sing the role of Mimì (soprano). If the first piece sounds familiar, “Che gelida manina” was the first aria we ever shared on Opera Daily. It felt appropriate to come back to the music that started it all on July 22nd when I wrote to a list of precisely zero subscribers! To think we are a group of over 5,000 today blows my mind, but more importantly, I am grateful to all of you beyond words. 🙏🏼
It has been said that Puccini was inspired by his poor student days as he wrote this opera. He said, “I lived that Bohème...”
The plot is simple: The two couples fall in love, out of love, and back in love again until, in the end, someone dies. Yes, it sounds simple(!), but Puccini, given the genius he is, can depict the characters’ personalities and their relationship dynamics in detail. While the opera has four acts, Puccini didn't call them “acts”. He thought of them as “images”.
Giacomo Puccini (1858 - 1924) was one of the most famous Italian opera composers (after Verdi, of course!). He wrote 16 operas, most still performed today, including Tosca, La Bohème, Madama Butterfly, and Turandot.
We hinted at the verismo period (Italian for “realism”, from vero, meaning "true") when we covered La Rondine, another Puccini opera. The term describes a style that became popular in the last decade of the 19th century. Puccini was probably the most prominent of the verismo composers. In contrast to the characters of earlier operas, in verismo, Puccini is portraying everyday people in his works—like the artists of La Bohème. Puccini once said his success was his ability to put “great sorrows in little souls”.
La Bohème has influenced everything from the Broadway musical Rent to The Simpsons. Jonathan Larson’s 1994 musical Rent is based directly on the opera, changing the setting from Paris to New York City, where a group of young artists struggle in the Lower East Side. Another aria from opera, Musetta’s Waltz was adapted for Bobby Worth’s 1959 R&B hit Don’t You Know, sung by Della Reese. The 1987 romantic comedy Moonstruck is filled with La Bohème references.
“Quando m’en vo” (also known as “Musetta's Waltz”) is another famous aria sung by Musetta (soprano) in the time signature of a waltz. It’s very well known, especially amongst young sopranos. Musetta attempts to make her boyfriend Marcello jealous and sings how everyone notices her beauty when she goes out. This is a famous aria, so many interpretations are floating around. Here are several if you are curious: Anna Netrebko, Kiri Te Kanawa, and Anna Moffo.
When walking alone on the streets,
People stop and stare and examine my beauty
From head to toe and then I savor the cravings
which from their eyes transpires
And from the obvious charms they perceive the hidden beauties.
So the scent of desire is all around me, it makes me happy!
And you who know, who remembers and yearns, you shrink from me?
I know why this is: you do not want to tell me of your anguish,
But you feel like dying!
Thank you for reading (and listening), and Merry Christmas week,
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